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PALM FIBER BRIQUETTE (PFB)
 
Palm Fiber Briquette (PFB) is made from oil palm waste as a complement and supplement to fossil fuels.
                                               
 
PFB can be used for household and industry heating such as boiler and is a renewable source of energy which helps to reduce the carbon content in the atmosphere through zero carbon emission and is qualified for carbon credit due to its potential in supporting Kyoto Protocol and in arresting global warming.
 
              Empty Fruit Brunch      
 
APPLICATION OF PALM FIBER BRIQUETTES :                                                                   
  1. To replace fossil fuel for the following usages:Domestic Heating                                     
  2. Industry use (boiler)                                                                                                     
  3. Power Plant (Bio-mass)                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
ADVANTAGES OF PALM FIBER BRIQUETTES:
1. CO2 emission free
2. High Calorific value
3. Renewable source of energy
4. Free of chemical additives
 
RANGES OF TEST PARAMETER FOR SEVERAL BRIQUETTE FORMULATION  

NO
TEST PARAMETER
TEST METHOD  RESULT 
           Moisture              Gravimetric  5% - 12% 
Ash  ASTM D482  2.3% - 7.2% 
Silica  ASTM C 25-96a  7.6% - 11.2% 
Oil      GC - MS  0.4% - 1.5% 
Calorific  ASTM D240  4,000 kcal/kg - 7,000 kcal/kg
7,195 Btu/lb - 12,590 Btu/lb
16.73 MJ/kg - 29.2 MJ/kg 
Burning Temperature  Rotary Klin  > 1200 c
(Source : SIRIM) 
 
TESTED FUEL PROPERTIES OF BRIQUETTE (LOWEST FORMULATION)
                                                                   
NO  PROPERTIES  RESULT 
Nitrogen       < 0.7 wt% 
Carbon  > 43.5 wt% 
Hydrogen  < 6.3 wt% 
Sulphur  0.0 wt% 
 
 
TESTED ASH CONTENT FOR FERTILIZER VALUE 
   
pH  N (% Nutrient)  P2O5 (% Nutrient)
K2O (% Nutrient)
 MgO (% Nutrient) 
10.2 -11.7  0.06 - 0.24  2.11 - 3.33  6.7 - 16.4  0.83 - 3.7 
 
 
COMPARATIVE PARAMETER  PALM FIBER BRIQUETTE      COAL  WOOD 
Typical market availability      Raw Material  Dependent on geography  Banned in many countries 
Cost Index (Benchmark : Coal@4,500 kcal/kg)  0.80 to 0.90  1.0  Low calorific value 
Carbon Pollutant Index  Net production of carbon  0 if replant 
Sulphur Emission (Acid rain)  High